The Role of the Constitution

Published: 2021-08-16 14:10:07
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Category: Law

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This has developed the world in many ways . Some important examples are, that it created a government that is national all around the world and it is consisting of some unique branches called a legislative, an executive, and a judicial branch, with a system of checks and balances among the three branches. It also divides power between the federal government and the states.
In the Government of the United States and in the federal government it is divided into three branches that play a major role in the constitution which is the executive power, that helps with the president and they do what he says, the legislative power, given to Congress which consists of the House of Representatives and also the Senate, and the judicial power and they are in charge of investing in one of the Supreme Courts and some of the other federal courts created by the Congress. The Constitution makes a system of something called checks and balances made to avoid the tyranny of any of the 3 branches i listed above this paragraph. Next i am going to list some of the most important actions require the participation of more than once branch of the government. For example, Congress passes all of the laws we have today, but the President can veto them which that means it is a constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body. The executive branch prosecutes people for criminal violations, but they must be tried by the courts. The President appoints federal judges, but their appointment must and needs to be confirmed by the Senate.
Another important and needed thing in the Constitution is that they divide the needed power between the national government and the state governments. Therefore this division of authority basically is referred to as federalism. The federal government is very strong, with much power over all of the states, but at the same time, it is limited to the powers enumerated in the Constitution. The powers are not delegated to the federal government, nor prohibited to the states are reserved to the states or to the people. Although the powers of the federal government are limited to those enumerated in the Constitution, those enumerated powers have been interpreted very broadly and boldly. And under the supremacy clause of the Constitution, federal law is supreme over state law. State or local laws that conflict with the Constitution or federal statutory law are preempted which means to take action to prevent a certain situation or problem from happening. The Constitution also limits the powers of the states in relation to one another. Because the United States Congress has been given the power to regulate interstate commerce, the states are limited in their ability to regulate or tax such commerce between them. Under the Constitution’s privileges and immunities Clause, states are prohibited from discriminating in many ways against citizens of other states.
Another important main purpose of the Constitution is to protect the personal liberty of citizens from intrusions by the government. A few of these protections are found in the main body of the Constitution itself. For example, it says it prohibits both ex post facto laws, which punish conduct that was not illegal at the time it was performed, and bills of attainder which single out individuals or groups for punishment.
Most Constitutional protections for individual rights are contained in the Bill of Rights, which constitute the first ten amendments to the Constitution. These amendments were adopted shortly after the adoption of the Constitution itself, in response to state concerns about the Constitution’s lack of protections for individual rights. Those lacks needed to be finished right away and fixed to keep the people safe. The protections of these amendments were originally interpreted to apply only against the federal government, but the Supreme Court has since ruled that most of them were made applicable to the states by passage of the Fourteenth Amendment due process clause after the Civil War. The Fourteenth Amendment also contains the equal protection clause, which protects citizens from discrimination by the states on the basis of race, gender and other characteristics.
The constitution is a wonderful thing and we should be glad that some amazing people came up with it and is the reason why we are all safe and without those laws there would be a lot of danger and horrid things and problems going across the world and this is why the constitution is so important.

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