By studying different researches, it was explored that these emotional competences develop from general level to more complicated level and with the development of human growth, they become better in implementation and functioning with various type of concern such as family and business. It is not easy to evaluate emotional intelligence and its components which were given by the different theories (Duncan et al., 2013). Rauf, Tarmidi, Omar, Yaaziz, and Zubir (2013) found that emotional intelligence described an ability which is interlinked with those demonstrated competencies which are considered as basic requirement for constructing self-understanding, social management and psychological awareness to implement sufficient frequencies to be effective in various situations. In the current situation, emotional intelligence is evaluated as a factor which involves awareness about inner state and recognition of different resources, self-management, awareness about society and purposeful usage of different social skills (Schutte & Malouff, 2011). Accordingly, they established that emotional intelligence is inter related with social competencies and abilities that evaluate how effectively individuals understand their ability and demonstrate themselves, having awareness about others feeling and try to handle different type of challenges with managed level of pressures, stress and routine of the daily life.
On the other hand, emotion in relation with social intelligence effectively influence personal involvement, personal management and different environmental pressures with a natural and relax manner (Picard et al., 2004).In a study conducted by Batool (2013), it explored the correlation between emotional intelligence and leadership for its effectiveness. On the basis of results, positive significant relationship was found between emotional intelligence and leadership. MotivationMotivation is a word originated from the Latin which means Motives and motives means a moving cause, which is the process of activating properties which are involved in psychological motivation of forces to arouse behavior acting either on or within a person. Along with the fact that motivation is an important component to instruction and learning, one standard definition for the hypothetical construct of motivation does not exist. A process that gives energy and directions along with sustained behavior involves motivation which is motivated behavior and it is described as guided, directed and sustained (Pratama & Corebima, 2016). Motivation state is often described as guided, directed and goal oriented. It can be described as an internal state of an individual that helps to arouse, directs and maintains behavior. It is called internal process which activates, guides, and maintain someones behavior over time. Motivation provides energy for doing something or for desired results. Emotional Intelligence in LeadershipFor leaders, Emotional intelligence is an important variable for success and achievement. There are five areas of competencies and skills which are helpful in leadership performance. These areas are self-awareness, self-regulation, motivation, empathy and social skills (Goleman, 2006). First, self-awareness is an individual thoughts, feelings, goals, strengths and weaknesses to guide decisions and how these can affect the people of the surroundings.
Self-awareness deals with how to behave with humility with other people of surroundings. A leader can improve his self-awareness by observing and slowing down his thoughts. The second is self-regulation which can be defined as the way to manage as well as direct an individuals emotions in different circumstances. In the view of Goleman, this element shows flexibility and personal accountability of the leader with commitment. It can be enhanced through observation of values and code of ethics. It is important for a leader to be accountable and have self-control even in a challenging situation. The third and important element is motivation. Motivated leaders may work consistently to their extreme standards. If any leader is self-motivated, he or she will make the employees motivated as well. Optimistic attitude leads to a betterment and positive work output. The next element contributing to social intelligence is described as empathy. Leaders with such quality think and put themselves to any others situation. They listen from all perspectives and have a constructive feedback. Empathy is of great importance to get respect and loyalty from the employees. This characteristic can be enhanced by putting a leader to someone elses position and feeling, i.e. the body language and response of the feeling. Social skills are the last element regarding social intelligence competence which deals and manages about other peoples emotions for movement in desired direction. Such type of leaders are great communicators. This can be improved through learning conflict resolution, better communication skills, as well as praising others.
Theoretical underpinnings of the Emotional Intelligence
Model for the emotional intelligence was presented by (Goleman, 2006). Accordingly, there are five areas as self-awareness, self-regulation, social skill, empathy and motivation. These competencies are not innate rather are learned capabilities. These should be developed by outstanding performance. He argues that all the individuals have general abilities by birth which determine their emotional competencies. Another concept explains that emotional intelligence is a combination of mental abilities, physical competencies and other skills which have power to influence success in cooperating with situational requirement and stress (Duncan et al., 2013). Emotional intelligence is a cognitive capability that is different from intelligence but it is closely related with general intelligence. Similarly, emotional intelligence was initially known as the power to monitor ones own feeling and reactions of others. The ability to monitor ones own feeling and reactions of others also helps students to discriminate themselves from others. The usage of this capability guides them in keeping optimistic thinking and action. It is assumed that four inter related capacities are combined to build up emotional intelligence and these forces are known as capabilities which are helpful to understand ones own and other emotions (ER?–ZKAN, 2013)