Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954)
Brown v. Board of education consists of the Oliver Brown, whose purpose was to have the blacks and whites to attend to the same school. In this case Oliver Brown was the defendant due to him fighting for his kids right not being able to attend a white colored school. The plaintiff was The Kansas board of Education. Representing Topeka Board of education was Lester Goodell.Oliver Brown was represented by the members of the NAACP -Robert L.Carter. Oliver Brown was both the plaintiff and the defendant.
The objective of this case study is to give a information about this case. The plaintiffs, who defended them, who represented the defendant. Why this was all caused, how this was all caused.Who was all involved in the case. Who were the judge and attorneys involved in the case.
Before 1954 African Americans were always treated differently. They have always considered second class citizens. At that time many children had to go to schools farther away from their home due to the schools being segregated. Even though many African American children lived closer to an all whites school, they would not be allowed to go in due to the color of their skin. Due to the fourteenth amendment Equal protection laws the children were not being treated equally.
The defendants were the African american families who were not being treated equally due to the color of their skin. They would constantly be looked down upon and were unfair to them. They were constantly suffering due to how they were being treated due to their color of their skin. Many families were fighting so they could be treated equally, so their children would be able to attend to a whites school due to the fact that it was much closer than their segregated school. At the time the defendants were at fault due to segregation being legal, and what they were doing was illegal.
In this case the Kansas Board of Education was the plaintiff. Many african american families felt like the school’s of their children was not as good and did not provide as much like they did in all whites school. However many families tried to enroll their kids into an all whites school but were rejected because that was not allowed. Although they said many times they all schools were provided equally, however Kansas board of education filed a lawsuit against them.
The judges that were included in the ase were Arthur Mellott, Delmas Hill and Walter Huxman. Walter Huxman who was in favor with Kansas Board of Education.
Topeka Board of education was represented by Lesser Goodell. Oliver Brown was represented by attorneys of NAACP and Robert Carter. They were questioned and they had to answer the question one out of the three judges did not agree with them.
To separate them from others of similar age and qualifications solely because of their race generates a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever be undone.
-Chef of justice Earl Warren.
The defendants were the ones who supported segregation everywhere and would be bothered by African American people. They would not allow African Americans to enroll to their school or anything in that matter.
In this case the plaintiff were the people who refused against segregation which included Oliver Brown and the families that were involved in that case.
Everything continued the same the same people were represented by whom they were originally represented. Oliver Brown had strong viewpoint and strong ideas.
Segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children. The impact is the greater when it has the sanction of the law, for the policy of separating the races is usually interpreted as denotation the inferiority of the nero group..Any language is contrary to this finding rejected. We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.
Earl Warren, Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
The segregation laws kept many people from doing many things. African American people should not be considered second class citizens. African Americans were not being given the same opportunities white people died due to their color of their skin. In order to progress and achieve more in this world is if everyone is treated equally and be kind to each other no matter what. No matter if somebody has a different viewpoint (religion, ethnicity, ideas)
Not only in this case study did i learn more about out history in the past, but it made me open my eyes to a lot of things. In this case study African Americans stood up for them, their children and their future people so they can be treated equally. Many people came together to stop segregation until it was finally achieved. Although segregation was an awful law in the past, this is what made us, we can only learn from our mistakes.