Ancient greece is located in the southwestern part of Europe. According to Ancient history Encyclopedia ”Ancient Greece is the birthplace of Western philosophy(Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle), literature (Homer And Hesiod), mathematics (Pythagoras and Euclid), history (Herodotus), drama (Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes), the Olympic Games, and democracy.” The countries that were a part of this ancient culture were Egypt,Turkey,and France. The countries that surrounded ancient greece were Albania, Macedonia, and Bulgaria. The bodies of water by Ancient Greece are the Mediterranean sea and also the black sea.The land that ancient greece was located is mountainous land. The Peloponnese is a large peninsula located at the southern tip of the Greek mainland. The Island that surround greece were more than 1,400 island the most well known were Cyclades, Mykonos, Paros and Naxos, Siros, Ios, Santorini and Delos.Summers in ancient greece were hot and dry sometimes there were breeze but it was mostly dry and hot it will reach 75 degrees in the summer. Language : The language that was used in Ancient Greece was mostly Doric and Ionic.
They communicated in their language and verbally speaking. According to Classroom” Language and its Speakers,” believe the language traveled with the Proto-Greek speakers in 2500 BC to 1700 BC via the Greek Peninsula.The ancient greeks were the first europeans to have an alphabet.They spoke very differently from other culture.According to jen saunder in his article he states that the greece language was one that eventually gave birth to all modern European languages spoken today. This quote shows us how the ancient greek used the language we use now. The importance of language for the ancient greek were known as a theater and aspect of their language. Religion : The religion that the society had back then was they had worshipped multiple god in which makes them polytheistic.They believed in gods and goddess which was earth,love,and anger.
They had gods for every activity in there belief for example Ares was god for during war. Hera was goddess of weddings.Acording to the website Ancient greek religion it states They had olympian gods that participated in the games.The practice of sacrifices was made to worship many gods.According to The Ancient History Encyclopedia The gods and goddesses provided the Greeks with a solid paradigm of the creation of the universe, the world, and human beings. An early myth relates how, in the beginning, there was nothing but chaos in the form of unending waters. From this chaos came the goddess Eurynome who separated the water from the air and began her dance of creation with the serpent Ophion. From their dance, all of creation sprang and Eurynome was, originally, the Great Mother Goddess and Creator of All Things. Artwork : The ancient greeks artwork was very mesmerizing to see and to do they were mostly known for sculptures.According to Culture trip the article states that The Aphrodite of Milo is a Hellenistic sculpture discovered on the island of Milo (or Milos). This beautiful marble statue is an exquisite example of the workmanship of this period, though nothing is known of its creator.
Famous for the mystery of her missing arms, the statue is an incredible embodiment of the beauty of the female form.The architecture was for temples and tombs There houses were made up from marble material thinking that they would worship gods.The music that was played in ancient greek was stringed wind percussion. The instrument that were used were harps drums and even flutes.The typical dance in this culture was natural,There were two primary kinds of dances: circular ones around an altar or votive offering and lines dances performed during processions. movements they thought they were used for rituals.Dancing believed originated in crete when zeus was born to rhea. Lives : The lives of ancient greek was very interesting they were very focus in their lives the jobs that were in their lives were being a fisherman,farmer,soldier,teacher,government worker,and craftsman.Women were usually homemakers and had to raise the children and cooked meals.Fisherman were in charge to hunt and kill fish to sell in the market.Government helpers stayed in the palace to help the upper class and to say what to do.Farmers would grow crops and sell in the market. The entertainment in ancient greek were Roman Gladiators fought.
Theatres were invented by the Greeks. They could hold up to 14,000 people and audiences would come from all over Greece. Early Greek theatres were usually built into hillsides and were circular, so that all members of the audience could hear what the actors were saying.The colosseum in rome was a very big part of the ancient greek entertainment. The Ancient greek did have upper and lower class but they were identified differently The Athens were upper class which has the power and position of everything in the government.The Metics were the middle class they were livelihood and they were in charge of slaves.Freedmen were lower class that were once slaves and were freed or even bought from there families .And lastly there are the slaves that were criminals,rescued from war ,or given up by people. The housing was homes were built around a courtyard or gardens.The walls were made from wood land mud bricks.They had small windows with no glass buy wooden shutters keep the hot sun.they did not have much furniture inside.In all greek the purpose of city and states was to teach kids to be good citizens.children were taught music,art,science,math,and politics.And boys were taught at home til the age of 6.They lived Mother,Father,and children.Men got married at the age of 25-35 and women got married at the age of 12-16.Most women stayed home if they were rich.
Poor woman had to leave the house to work for the rich.Must have established as maids.Divorce was very common in ancient greece the children would go with the father and the mom would stay with nothing and had to start life all over.The children were taught business,and farming. Government : The type of government that ancient greece had was a democratic government.A democratic government is a system of government in which power is vested in the people who rule directly or freely elected representatives.The greeks had four common types of government.Democracy was one of the government which was ruled by people,which was male citizens.The second type of government that the greece had was monarchy which was ruled by an individual who had inherited the role of ruler.The third type of government was oligarchy which was a ruler who was chosen by a group of individuals. Lastly the tyranny was the last government which was ruled by an individual who had seized power by unconstitutional means.The leader ship that was given in ancient greece were powered by gods.The oligarchy was the main leadership supreme in greek The power to make decisions is in the hands of two teatning men.They were passing laws that the mediterranean sea were wealthier,and to increase taxes on poor people.They used armies to threaten people to obey laws.
Trade was fundamental in the greece culture the expansion in the seas where very fast in shipping and in trading in transportation goods could be brought oot be sold or exchanged in every part they were selling.One part of the mediterranean sea was originating in every way and completely different that they sold and traded goods.Some distant regions were trading food,raw,animals,And manufactured goods. Cuisine: Dinner was when most of the foods were consumed.
The ancient Greeks would eat eggs from quail and hens, fish, legumes, olives, cheeses, breads, figs, and any vegetables they could grow, which might include arugula, asparagus, cabbage,carrots, and cucumbers. Meat was reserved for the wealthy.food in ancient greece that was common was consisted of grains ,wheat,barley,fruit,vegetables,bread,and cake.They had goats to make cheese and milk.gyros is a Greek dish made from meat cooked on a vertical rotisserie. Originally lamb, in Greece it is now most often pork, or chicken, while a mixture of beef and lamb is common in the US and other countries.One common thing in ancient greek was spinach and cheese pie.Wine was an important factor in ancient greek.
They had an official god of wine who was called Dionysus he had the power to inspired to create ecstasy and his cult.The wine that was drank wasn’t always made from grapes.Sometimes the wine was made from fermented honey. Holidays/Festivals: Festivals are periods of time, cut out from daily life, during which a group performs activities that are most often thought of as communications with the superhuman world.Ancient Greek festivals were major religious events that recurred annually, every two years, or every four years. The purposes and rituals of the festivals varied a great deal, but all had in common the desire to maintain a good relationship with the gods. The festivals of Athens are best known, and they were plentiful Athens set aside at least 60 days a year for annual festivals.According to Religion facts Anthesteria was festival of Dionysus and the new wine Apaturia was festival of the phratry brotherhood Dionysian was a Dramatic festival of Dionysus Eleusinian was festival of games held at Eleusis Pyanepsion was a bean feast Thargelia was festival of Apollo and the new harvest Thesmophoria was festival of Demeter celebrated by women.All these holidays and festivals were celebrated every 60 days also they were celebrated the month that they had to honor and celebrate these gods.All of these holidays made up a calandern and even directions.