About the most Influential Thinker of Modernism

Published: 2021-08-09 07:40:06
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Can we achieve some absolutely unquestionable and obvious knowledge? The individual in solitude, in the almost desperate task of finding a firm ground on which to rest his convictions. This is the pretense of the philosophy of Ren© Descartes. The result of this theme focuses on the phrase “I think, therefore I am”. With it Descartes expresses the discovery of an unquestionable truth, but also a new realm of the real: individual self-conscious subjectivity.
Also called Cartesius, he was born in The Hague, in the French Touraine, on March 31, 1596 and died in Stockholm, on February 11, 1650, he was a French philosopher, mathematician and physicist, as the father of modern philosophy, as well as one of the most outstanding names in the scientific revolution, this philosopher, the knowledge of Cartesius, the latinized era in which he wrote his name, derives from the Cartesian word, formulated the famous cogito ergo suma, an essential element of Western rationalism , he wrote a part of his works in Latin, that was the international language of knowledge and the other person in French, likewise in physics is as the creator of mechanicism as in mathematics, of analytical geometry, not without However, part of his theories have been refuted animal-machine theory, or even abandoned, theory of vortices.
His philosophical and scientific method, which he lays out in the rules for the direction of the mind (1628) and more explicitly in his discourse on the method (1637), is a clear break with the teaching taught in universities. Its simplicity in its discourse of the method, the words that are used, the norms and the endless systems, the reasonings, the scholastics, the learning, the mathematical method and the attempt to finish with the syllogism. Penalties of Galileo for its support to Copernicanism order censorship to partially disguise the novelty of the ideas about man and the world that expose their metaphysical expositions, some ideas that suppose a revolution for philosophy and theology.
“to correctly drive reason and seek the truth in the sciences”. This program represents a clear and precise way the intention of said philosopher: to find a solid and sure principle that will serve as a foundation to a firm, rigorous and universal character.
This principle is found in the capacity of reason itself. In fact, according to Cartesian thought, reason, by itself, part of its own principles and without attending to anything outside of itself, can get to know the totality of existing realities. Everything is a matter of following the proper method. And what is this proper method? The natural march proper of the same reason.
This French philosopher and mathematician has a great influence on eighteenth-century European thought, his discourse on method, to lead the truth and truth in the sciences, serving as a foundation for European intellectuals to have a deep trust in the Why? For what reason? Ortega said of him, that he had been “the first modern man”, his most important work The Discourse on Method, written in 1637, presents us with Cartesian metaphysics.
Descartes is considered as the father of Modern Philosophy, and to a large extent, this is due to his “Discourse on Method”. But what is this about the discourse in Descartes? It is the main work written by Descartes, published in 1637, Dioptrica, Meteors and Geometry; grouped under the joint title of philosophical essays.
It is a way of thinking, a way of investigating and arriving at the truth. For this it is based on four principles:

Not to admit as really what we consider what we do, but also what we believe is true and we will analyze it, removing from our brain any prejudice or previous concept, accepted as true.
Divide each problem into as many parts as necessary. This means that you have to analyze a problem in all its forms, sometimes an analysis and divide it into as many parts as possible to demonstrate its veracity.
Sort the thoughts from the simplest to the most complicated. From the smallest to the largest. From the simple to the complex. From the parts to the whole.
Revision or counting practices so that nothing is seen. Once you have analyzed part by part all the components that make up a concept, a truth or a phenomenon, you

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