|Social Studies 11 Unit 1-1 | |Reading Guide | Name: __________________ ___ / 55 A Different Canada Resource: Counterpoints: Exploring Canadian Issues, Chapter 1 Introduction 1. Describe five changes in Canada’s borders between 1905 and 2005. • • • • • 2. What was Canada’s population in: • 1911 • 2000 Society and Manners 3. Where did most Canadians live in 1900? 4. Identify several Victoria era values in Canada. • • • • • 5. Describe how women were treated in the early 1900s. • • • • 6. Define the term suffragist. 7. Identify several goals of the suffragists. • • • 8. Who was Nellie McClung? 9. Describe how each of the following influenced Canadian culture: • Lucy Maud Montgomery: • Stephen Leacock: • Ernest Thompson Seton: • Pauline Johnson: • Homer Johnson: • Ozias Leduc: Still a British Nation 10. Who was responsible for settling Canada’s disputes with other nations in 1900? 11. What was at stake in the Alaska Boundary Dispute? 12. Why might Britain not have supported Canada’s desire to control the Lynn Canal in Alaska? 13. Define the term imperialist. 14. Why did many English Canadians support Britain in the Boer War? 15. Why were French speaking Canadians not enthusiastic supporters of the British Empire? 16. Define the term nationalist. 17. Why did Henri Bourassa resign from Wilfred Laurier’s government? 18. What Manitoba issue caused disagreements between French and English speaking groups in Canada? Canada’s Changing Population 19. What did Wilfred Laurier do to help Canada prosper after he became Prime Minister in 1896? 20. What did the federal government offer immigrants who settled on Canada’s prairies? 21. What did they have to do in return? 22. Define the term ethnocentric. 3. Why did some French speaking Canadians fear the arrival of immigrants? 24. Why were some eastern European immigrants ridiculed? 25. Under what circumstances were Asian immigrants tolerated? 26. Why did many “white” Canadians oppose Asian immigration? 27. Why did the federal government place a head tax on Chinese immigrants? 28. What was the Komagata Maru incident of 1914? 29. Explain why today’s government should or should not apologize to the descendents of Asian immigrants for Canada’s past treatment of these people. 30. What are reserves? 31. Why were Aboriginal peoples on the prairies forced to live on reserves? 32. How were Aboriginal people expected to support themselves on the reserves? 33. Why was the Aboriginal population declining in the early 1900s? 34. What were residential schools? 35. What problems did Aboriginal children face in these schools? 36. Based on what you may have read in the media or seen on TV, what other impacts did residential schools have on Aboriginal children and their culture? 37. Define assimilation. 38. Suggest why Aboriginal people often resisted assimilation. Urbanization 39. Describe Winnipeg’s growth between 1901 and 1911. 40. List the luxuries that wealthy city dwellers often enjoyed in this era. • • • • 41. List characteristics of the living conditions of working class people in cities around 1910. • • • • An Economy Transformed 42. Identify three important Canadian exports in the early 1900s. 43. What was discovered in the Yukon in 1896? 44. What impact did the use of electricity have on Canada’s industry? 45. Identify several consumer goods that became popular in this era. 46. What is a trade union? 7. Why did workers go on strike? 48. Describe the coal miners strike in Nanaimo. 49. What is a recession? 50. Why do you think Canada’s economy was in a recession in 1914? 51. Describe the impact of railway construction along the Fraser canyon on salmon. 52. How did this affect commercial fishermen? 53. How did this affect the Sto:lo people? 54. Identify several parks created in this era. War and Change 55. Wilfred Laurier predicted the Twentieth Century would be one of development for Canada. Suggest several areas in which this prediction came true.